Capitalising on its geographic position in the eastern Mediterranean and the Balkans, Greece seeks to become an energy hub in the region and is increasing infrastructure interconnections with its neighbours. In the last four years, the country has also made significant progress in setting the course for reforming its electricity and gas markets. Energy diversification has improved, with natural gas becoming increasingly important in the energy supply. Significant challenges, however, remain.
Even though many of the market reform laws required by the EU are now in place, the market power of the incumbent energy suppliers still continues to restrict competition. Unless this issue is addressed, a fully competitive energy market is inconceivable and the potential benefits that consumers could derive will be significantly diminished. Of particular concern are the arrangements for ownership of the electricity and gas transmission systems. The review suggests various options to overcome these obstacles.
Another challenge is the rise in CO2 emissions. The review urges the government to closely monitor the situation as Greece is getting close to missing its target set under the Kyoto Protocol. As the country’s energy needs are increasing, Energy Policies of Greece also assesses the demand and supply situation. It provides recommendations on how to reduce the country’s high oil dependence and advises policy makers on steps to develop a long-term energy efficiency policy with measurable targets that tackle the demand side of the Greek energy sector